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Biography of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay

Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay (born: 25 September 1916–11 February 1968) was a thinker and organiser of rss. He was also the president of the Bharatiya Jansangh. He was a supporter of an incorporated ideology that wanted a strong and strong India. He also had a keen interest in literature in addition to politics.

Born: 25 September, 1916, Nagla Chandrabhan, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh

Died: 11 Feb, 1968, Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh

Functions: Thinker, Economist, Sociology, Historian and Journalist

Deendayal Upadhyay was an Indian thinker, economist, sociology, historian and journalist. He participated significantly in the formation of RSS and also became president of Bharatiya Jana Sangh (present, Bharatiya Janata Party). He opposed India’s blind support of Western secularism and Western democracy during British rule. Although he simply accepted the concept of democracy, he flatly refused to accept western oligarchy, exploitation and capitalist. He put his life in making democracy powerful and putting people forward.

Deendayal Upadhyay‘s childhood and early life:

Deen Dayal Upadhyay was born on September 25, 1916 in Dhankia, Rajasthan, into a middle-class prestigious Hindu family. His grandfather’s name was Pandit Hariram Upadhyay, an eminent astrologer. His father’s name was Shri Bhagwati Prasad Upadhyay and mother’s name was Ramcutie. His father was working as an assistant station master at Jamlaser and mother was a very religious-minded woman. His younger brother’s name was Shivdayal Upadhyay. Unfortunately, when he was only two and a half years old, his father passed away. Thereafter, his family stayed with his grandfather. Here, his family was trying to recover from the sufferings that his mother left two young children and left the world while treating tuberculosis. Not only that, when he was only 10 years old, his grandfather also passed away.

His uncle nurtured him like his own children. While taking care of himself at a small stage, he also fulfilled the responsibility of his younger brother’s parents, but unfortunately brother died of smallpox and died on November 18, 1934. Deen Dayal saw many ups and downs in low heat, but with his determination to move forward in life. He passed the high school examination from Sikar. Deendayal, who has been intelligent and bright talent from birth, received several gold medals and prestigious awards while studying in school and college. He completed his schooling at GD Birla College, Pilani, and graduate education from Sanatan Dharma College, Kanpur University. Thereafter, he passed the civil services examination but abandoned it for the sake of serving the general public.

r.s.s.s. His relationship with:

Deendayal Upadhyay was highly devoted to social service since the early years of his life. During his college days in 1937, he was in Kanpur with Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (R.S.S.) Associated with. There, he was asked to work with R.S.S. Founder of Dr. Interacted with Hedgewar and devoted himself fully to the organization. After completing college education in 1942, he neither tried for a job nor married, but he was able to get training in the union’s education. Moved to Nagpur to attend the 40-day camp.

His relationship with Jan Sangh:

The Bharatiya Jana Sangh was founded by Dr. Was performed by Shyama Prasad Mukherjee in 1951 and Deendayal Upadhyay was appointed as the first General Secretary. He continued to be the general secretary of the Jan Sangh till December 1967. Influenced by his functionality, intelligence, and qualities of fullness, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee proudly said to him: “If I have two Deendayal, I can change the political face of India”. But suddenly in 1953, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherji’s untimely demise has taken the responsibility of the entire organisation on the young shoulders of Deendayal Upadhyay. He thus served the Jan Sangh as general secretary for nearly 15 years. Deen Dayal Upadhyay was elected president of the Jan Sangh in Calicut in December 1967 at the 14th Annual Session of bharatiya jana sangh.

As a writer:

The journalism within Deendayal Upadhyaya appeared when he worked in the 1940s in the monthly magazine ‘Rashtradharma’ published from Lucknow. Your RSS During his tenure, he had launched a weekly newspaper ‘Panchjanya’ and a daily newspaper ‘Swadesh’. He wrote a biography of Shankaracharya in the drama ‘Chandragupta Maurya’ and Hindi. He was the founder of rss, Dr. K.B. The biography of Hedgewar was translated from Marathi to Hindi. His other famous literary works are ‘Samrat Chandragupta’, ‘Jagatguru Shankaracharya’, ‘Why Are Monolithic India’, ‘Problems of Nation Life’, ‘Nation Musings’ and ‘Direction of Nation Life’.

His views towards Indian democracy and society:

Deendayal Upadhyaya’s concept was that india’s development after independence was the basis of its Indian culture and not the Western ideology left by the British. Although democracy in India was established immediately after independence, Deen Dayal Upadhyay had an apprehension that India would not be able to do so after long years of slavery. He was of the view that democracy is india’s birthright and not a gift from the West (British). He also emphasized that employees and workers should also focus on addressing government grievances. His view was that it should be the duty of the administration to respect everyone. According to him, democracy should not go beyond its borders and ensure public opinion in the light of their faith and religion.

Concept of ‘integral humanism’:

The political philosophy based on the concept of ‘integral humanism’ established by Deendayal is the product of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (the present Bharatiya Janata Party). According to him ‘integral humanism’ is an integrated program of each human body, mind, intellect and soul. He said that as an independent nation, India cannot depend on Western concepts such as individualism, democracy, socialism, communism and capitalism. His view was that Indian medha felt suffocated by Western principles and ideologies, resulting in a great hurdle in the development and expansion of fundamental Indian ideology.


On December 19, 1967, Deen Dayal Upadhyay was elected as the president of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, but destiny was somewhat more acceptable. On the morning of February 11, 1968, deendayal’s passive body was found at Mughal Sarai railway station. The whole nation was plunged into sorrow. Rajendra Prasad Marg was crowded to pay homage to the great leader. He was 12 february 1968 by the then President of India, Dr. Tributes were paid by Zakir Hussain, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Morarji Desai. His death remains an unsolved conundrum.


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